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A.I. Artificial Intelligence: A Visual Study




WEBSITE DESCRIPTION PRODUCTION HISTORY
This project began as an academic paper, but the subject matter cried out for more. Scholars often discuss A.I. ARTIFICAL INTELLIGENCE (2001) in terms of production history and questions of authorship, but few engage with the film through its visual text. These thoughts eventually led to the creation of this website.


This project analyzes the visual motifs of A.I. ARTIFICAL INTELLIGENCE (2001), specifically addressing the main theme of duality. Patterns of doubling and circular designs appear constantly throughout the film, usually embodied in the four motifs listed below.


This project also provides a variety of routes for exploration. You can choose to view each motif webpage and analyze the clips for yourself. You can choose to read the original paper. You can choose to watch a visual essay on the topic.


Whatever route you choose, I hope this project illuminates an important film in the career of two important filmmakers.

A.I. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE is based on the short story SUPERTOYS LAST ALL SUMMER LONG by Brian Aldiss. Director Stanley Kubrick developed the film from the mid-1970s until his death in 1999.


Due to his slow shooting schedules, Kubrick hesitated to cast a child actor in the role of David, fearing any real child would grow too rapidly for on-screen consistency. He spent a significant amount of time and money developing actual robots for the role, only to abandon the attempts.[1]


After viewing JURASSIC PARK in 1993, Kubrick contacted director Steven Spielberg for advise regarding digital effects. Their conversations led to Spielberg becoming a confidant on the film, with Kubrick even offering Spielberg the project to direct. He believed Spielberg's sensibilities and quick filming style would better suit the material.[2]


After Kubrick's death in 1999, Christiane Kubrick and Jan Harlan approached Spielberg to complete the film. He accepted and the film was released in 2001.




  VISUAL MOTIFS
         
  LAYERED FACES   CHARACTER DOUBLES   CIRCULAR FRAMING   CIRCULAR NARRATIVE  







  *VISUAL ESSAY (15 min)   *FULL TIMELINE COMPARISON   *ORIGINAL PAPER  











References

  1. Jan Harlan and Jane M. Struthers, editors, A.I. Artificial Intelligence: From Stanley Kubrick to Steven Spielberg: The Vision Behind the Film (Univ of Arts in London and Christiane Kubrick, 2009), p. 7.
  2. Ibid., p. 7-8.
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